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Analysis of gene expressions associated with increased allelopathy in rice (Oryza sativa L.) induced by exogenous salicylic acid
- Fang, Chang-Xun, Xiong, Jun, Qiu, Long, Wang, Hai-Bin, Song, Bi-Qing, He, Hai-Bin, Lin, Rui-Yu, Lin, Wen-Xiong
- Plant growth regulation 2009 v.57 no.2 pp. 163-172
- Echinochloa crus-galli, Oryza sativa, allelochemicals, allelopathy, antioxidants, biosynthesis, coculture, fluorescence, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, peroxidase, polymerase chain reaction, rice, salicylic acid, superoxide dismutase, suppression subtractive hybridization, transport proteins, ubiquitin, weeds
- The defense characteristics of allelopathic rice accession PI312777 and its counterpart Lemont induced by exogenous salicylic acid (SA) to suppress troublesome weed barnyardgrass (BYG) were investigated using the methods of suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). The results showed that exogenous SA could induce the allelopathic effect of rice on BYG and this inducible defense was SA dose-respondent and treatment time-dependent. PI312777 exhibited higher inhibitory effect than Lemont on BYG after treated with different concentrations of SA. The activities of cell protective enzymes including SOD, POD and CAT in the BYG plants co-cultured with PI312777 treated by SA were highly depressed compared with the control (co-cultured with rice without SA-treatment). Similar but lower depression on these enzymes except for CAT was also observed in the BYG plants when co-cultured with Lemont treated by SA. It is therefore suggested that allelopathic rice should be more sensitive than non-allelopathic rice to exogenous SA. Seventeen genes induced by SA were obtained by SSH analysis from PI312777. These genes encode receptor-kinase proteins, ubiquitin carrier proteins, proteins related to phenylpropanoid metabolism, antioxidant related proteins and some growth-mediating proteins. The differential expressions of these genes were validated in part by qRT-PCR in the two rice accessions. Our work elucidated that allelopathic rice possesses an active chemical defense and auto-detoxifying enzyme system such as the up-regulated enzymes involved in de novo biosynthesis of phenolic allelochemicals and the glutathione-S-transferase (GST) associated with xenobiotic detoxification.