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Expression of ethylene response genes during persimmon fruit astringency removal

Yin, Xue-ren, Shi, Yan-na, Min, Ting, Luo, Zheng-rong, Yao, Yun-cong, Xu, Qian, Ferguson, Ian, Chen, Kun-song
Planta 2012 v.235 no.5 pp. 895-906
astringency, carbon dioxide, ethylene, fruits, genes, persimmons, ripening
Thirteen ethylene signaling related genes were isolated and studied during ripening of non-astringent ‘Yangfeng’ and astringent ‘Mopan’ persimmon fruit. Some of these genes were characterized as ethylene responsive. Treatments, including ethylene and CO2, had different effects on persimmon ripening, but overlapping roles in astringency removal, such as increasing the reduction in levels of soluble tannins. DkERS1, DkETR2, and DkERF8, may participate in persimmon fruit ripening and softening. The expression patterns of DkETR2, DkERF4, and DkERF5 had significant correlations with decreases in soluble tannins in ‘Mopan’ persimmon fruit, suggesting that these genes might be key components in persimmon fruit astringency removal and be the linkage between different treatments, while DkERF1 and DkERF6 may be specifically involved in CO2 induced astringency removal. The possible roles of ethylene signaling genes in persimmon fruit astringency removal are discussed.