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Evaluation of Biodiesel Derived from Camelina sativa Oil

Soriano, Nestor U., Jr., Narani, Akash
journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 2012 v.89 no.5 pp. 917-923
temperature, fatty acids, canola, Helianthus annuus, methanol, fatty acid composition, vegetable oil, viscosity, soybeans, biodiesel, transesterification, oxidative stability, coconuts, combustion, distillation, Camelina sativa, feedstocks, cold
Biodiesel derived from camelina as well as other feedstocks including palm, mustard, coconut, sunflower, soybean and canola were prepared via the conventional base-catalyzed transesterification with methanol. Fatty acid profiles and the fuel properties of biodiesel from different vegetable oils were analyzed and tested in accordance with ASTM D6751. Camelina biodiesel contains 10–12%, 37–40%, and 48–50% saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated components, respectively. Some fuel properties of camelina biodiesel are comparable to that of sunflower biodiesel including kinematic viscosity (40 °C), flash point, cloud point, cold filter plugging point, and oil stability index. However, camelina biodiesel exhibited the poorest oxidative stability, highest distillation temperature and has the highest potential to form coke during combustion, all of which are attributed to the high amounts of n-3-fatty acids in camelina oil. While neat camelina biodiesel may exhibit undesirable fuel properties, it is very comparable with soybean biodiesel at the B20 level.