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Effect of root competition and shade on survival and growth of nine woody plant taxa within a pecan [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) C. Koch] alley cropping system

Author:
Fletcher, Edward H., III, Thetford, Mack, Sharma, Jyotsna, Jose, Shibu
Source:
Agroforestry systems 2012 v.86 no.1 pp. 49-60
ISSN:
0167-4366
Subject:
Callicarpa americana, Carya illinoinensis, Crataegus, Hydrangea paniculata, Hydrangea quercifolia, Ilex glabra, Lyonia, Salix matsudana, alley cropping, flowers, fruits, parsley, pecans, plant growth, roots, stems, survival rate, woody plants, Florida
Abstract:
Suitability for production of woody floral stems in a pecan [Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) C. Koch] alley cropping was determined for nine shrub species in northwest Florida. Treatments included partial shade without root competition, partial shade with root competition, and full sun. Only three species had high rates of survival for all treatments throughout both years of the study: Callicarpa americana L. (American beautyberry), C. americana var. Lactea (white American beautyberry), and Crataegus marshallii Eggl. (parsley haw). For C. americana, plant growth index increased through time and was similar among the three treatments, indicating that this species grew equally well in sun or shade irrespective of root competition from the tree crop. C. americana var. Lactea had similarly high rates of survival and grew largest in partial shade without root competition (81.7 cm) compared to partial shade with root competition (67.2 cm) and full sun (57.0 cm). C. marshallii had 100 % survival in partial shade without root competition, with one mortality in partial shade with root competition (91.7 % survival) and one in full sun (91.7 % survival). Growth index did not increase over time and was similar among all three treatments. Other species tested had low rates of survival in all treatments throughout both years of the study and included: Ilex glabra L. (inkberry), Ilex myrtifolia Walt. (myrtle-leaf holly), Hydrangea paniculata Seibold var. ‘Tardiva’ (panicle hydrangea), Hydrangea quercifolia Bart. (oakleaf hydrangea), Lyonia lucida (Lam.) K. Koch, and Salix matsudana Koidz. F. tortuosa Rehd. (corkscrew willow). No species produced sufficient flowers, fruits or ornamental stems during this establishment period to allow a florist evaluation of the stems for use as woody floral stems.
Agid:
510944