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Changes in Phosphorylation Status of Wheat Plastid Polypeptides as Influenced by Light, Calcium and Cyclic AMP

Sharma, Vijay K., Jain, Pradeep K., Maheshwari, Satish C., Khurana, Jitendra P.
Journal of plant biochemistry and biotechnology 1999 v.8 no.2 pp. 87-92
adenosine monophosphate, adenosine triphosphate, calcium, cyclic AMP, far-red light, phosphorylation, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, polypeptides, proteins, wheat, white light
The polypeptides of etioplast and chloroplast fractions, purified on Percoll discontinuous gradient, were phosphorylated in vitro using (γ-³²P)ATP, resolved by SDS-PAGE and autoradiographed. In general, about 15-18 phosphopolypeptides in the range of 14-150 kD were distinctly visible in autoradiograms of both organelle fractions with varying degree of radiolabel incorporation. Although short-term irradiation with red or far-red light did not have any significant effect on phosphorylation status of etioplast polypeptides, in vivo irradiation with 1 h white light, followed by in vitro phosphorylation, decreased phosphorylation of a 116 kD polypeptide and increased the phosphorylation of polypeptides of 38 kD and a doublet around 20 kD. Strikingly, the phosphorylation status of 116 kD etioplast polypeptide was adversely affected by Ca²⁺ as well, and this phosphopolypeptlde was not distinctly visible in the autoradiogram of the chloroplast fraction proteins. However, in vitro phosphorylation of 98, 57 and 50 kD polypeptides of both etioplast and chloroplast fractions was found to be Ca²⁺ dependent. Unlike Ca²⁺, 3′,5′-cyclic AMP down-regulated the phosphorylation of several polypeptides of both etioplasts and chloroplasts, including 98 and 50 kD, and up-regulated the phosphorylation of 32 and 57 kD polypeptides. The significance of these observations on changes in phosphoprotein profile of etioplasts and chloroplasts, as influenced by light, Ca²⁺ and cyclic nucleotides, has been discussed.