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The influence of bridging ligand electronic structure on the photophysical properties of noble metal diimine and triimine light harvesting systems

Wang, Xian-yong, Del Guerzo, Andre, Baitalik, Sujoy, Simon, Gerald, Shaw, George B., Chen, Lin X., Schmehl, Russell
Photosynthesis research 2006 v.87 no.1 pp. 83-103
electrons, energy, iron, light harvesting complex, osmium, ruthenium
This manuscript discusses the photophysical behavior of transition metal complexes of Ru(II) and Os(II) employed in development of light harvesting arrays of chromophores. Particular emphasis is placed on the relationship between the photophysical behavior of complexes having metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) excited states and the electronic characteristics of bridging ligands used in preparing oligometallic complexes. Examples are presented that discuss intramolecular energy migration in complexes having two distinct MLCT chromophores with bridging ligands that only very weakly couple the two chromophores. In addition, systems having bridging ligands with localized triplet excited states lower in energy than the MLCT state of the metal center to which they are attached are discussed. These systems very often have excited states localized on the bridging ligand with excited state lifetimes on the order of tens of microseconds. Finally, systems having Fe(II) metal centers, with very low energy MLCT states, are discussed. In complexes also containing bridging ligands with low energy triplet states, energy partitioning between the Fe center MLCT state (or Fe localized ligand field states) and the ligand triplet state is observed; the two states relax to the ground state via parallel pathways, but the Fe(II) center does not serve as an absolute excitation energy sink.