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Antioxidant activity of bovine and porcine meat treated with extracts from edible lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) rhizome knot and leaf
- Huang, Bo, He, Jingsheng, Ban, Xiaoquan, Zeng, Hong, Yao, Xincheng, Wang, Youwei
- Meat science 2011 v.87 no.1 pp. 46-53
- Lotus, Nelumbo nucifera, additives, antioxidant activity, antioxidants, cattle, ground meat, leaf extracts, leaves, lipid peroxidation, livestock and meat industry, meat, meat extracts, rhizomes, shelf life, swine, vegetables, China
- Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera) is an extensively cultivated vegetable in eastern Asia, particularly in China. Both lotus rhizome knot (LRK) and lotus leaf (LL) are waste products of the lotus industry. Extracts from LRK and LL are proposed as antioxidants for meat. Porcine and bovine ground meat samples were subjected to three treatments: CONTROL (with no additives), LRK (lotus rhizomes knot extract 3% w/w), and LL (lotus leaf extract 3% w/w). Raw and cooked samples were stored at 4°C and the antioxidant activity was determined at 1, 3, 6 and 10days. Antioxidant activity was significantly increased in all meat samples with the addition of both LRK and LL, but LRK was more effective against lipid oxidation. The results show the potential for using LRK and LL extracts in the meat industry to prolong shelf life.