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Epidemiology and risk management of listeriosis in India

Barbuddhe, S.B., Malik, S.V.S., Kumar, J. Ashok, Kalorey, D.R., Chakraborty, T.
International journal of food microbiology 2012 v.154 no.3 pp. 113-118
Listeria monocytogenes, abortion (animals), dairy products, endometritis, epidemiological studies, food analysis, food animals, food contamination, food pathogens, humans, listeriosis, mastitis, meat products, microbiological quality, microorganisms, neonates, pregnant women, risk assessment, risk management, seafoods, India
Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne pathogen that can cause serious invasive illness, mainly in certain well-defined high-risk groups, including elderly and immunocompromised patients, pregnant women, newborns and infants. In India, this pathogen has been isolated from humans, animals and foods. The incidence of Listeria is generally comparable to those reported elsewhere in the world. In humans, maternal/neonatal listeriosis is the most common clinical form reported. Among animal populations, spontaneous abortions, subclinical mastitis, meningoencephalitis and endometritis were the commonest forms reported. The disease largely remains undiagnosed and under reported. From reported analyses of a variety of foods for Listeria, milk and milk products, meat and meat products, seafood and vegetables have been reported to be contaminated in India. The legal framework for microbiological safety of foods against microbes including L. monocytogenes is summarised. The epidemiological studies would help in understanding of the sources of infection and persistence and their risk assessment, routes of transmission, clinical forms and allow for better management of the infection.