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Associations Between Food Restriction and Pressure-to-Eat Parenting Practices and Dietary Intake in Children: a Selective Review of the Recent Literature

Loth, Katie A.
Current nutrition reports 2016 v.5 no.1 pp. 61-67
beverages, children, cross-sectional studies, food intake, longitudinal studies, parenting, public health, snack foods
The identification of modifiable determinants child dietary intake has become a public health priority. Food-related parenting practices, including pressure-to-eat and food restriction, have been identified as potentially significant determinants of dietary intake in children. This is a review of the literature to date that has explored the relationship between food restriction and pressure-to-eat and child dietary intake. In general, findings from laboratory-based studies and longitudinal studies suggest that children exposed to high levels of food restriction and pressure-to-eat are more likely to consume sugar-sweetened beverages, palatable snack foods, and calorie-dense food items than children exposed to lower levels. Results from the body of cross-sectional studies examining this relationship are decidedly less conclusive, yielding inconsistent and sometimes contradictory results. Overall, the concept of food-related parenting practices as a potentially modifiable factor with the potential to positively impact child dietary intake patterns continues to be worth pursuing through additional future research.