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Systemic Analysis of Foodborne Disease Outbreak in Korea

Lee, Jong-Kyung, Kwak, No-Seong, Kim, Hyun Jung
Foodborne pathogens & disease 2016 v.13 no.2 pp. 101-107
Campylobacter, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, correspondence analysis, disease outbreaks, drugs, food contamination, food pathogens, food supply chain, foodborne illness, monitoring, raw foods, ready-to-eat foods, risk management, Korean Peninsula
This study systemically analyzed data on the prevalence of foodborne pathogens and foodborne disease outbreaks to identify the priorities of foodborne infection risk management in Korea. Multiple correspondence analysis was applied to three variables: origin of food source, phase of food supply chain, and 12 pathogens using 358 cases from 76 original papers and official reports published in 1998–2012. In addition, correspondence analysis of two variables—place and pathogen—was conducted based on epidemiological data of 2357 foodborne outbreaks in 2002–2011 provided by the Korean Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. The results of this study revealed three distinct areas of food monitoring: (1) livestock-derived raw food contaminated with Campylobacter spp., pathogenic Escherichia coli, Salmonella spp., and Listeria monocytogenes; (2) multi-ingredient and ready-to-eat food related to Staphylococcus aureus; and (3) water associated with norovirus. Our findings emphasize the need to track the sources and contamination pathways of foodborne pathogens for more effective risk management.