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Taurine Attenuates Hepatic Inflammation in Chronic Alcohol-Fed Rats Through Inhibition of TLR4/MyD88 Signaling

Lin, Chao-Jen, Chiu, Chun-Ching, Chen, Yi-Chen, Chen, Mu-Lin, Hsu, Tsai-Ching, Tzang, Bor-Show
Journal of medicinal food 2015 v.18 no.12 pp. 1291-1298
C-reactive protein, ethanol, hepatoprotective effect, inducible nitric oxide synthase, inflammation, interleukin-1beta, lipogenesis, liver, oxidative stress, pathogenesis, rats, taurine, transcription factor NF-kappa B, tumor necrosis factors
Accumulating evidence indicates that overconsumption of ethanol contributes in many ways to the pathogenesis of hepatic injury. Although studies indicate that taurine decreases lipogenesis, oxidative stress, and inflammatory cytokines, the protective effect of taurine against alcohol-induced liver injury is still unclear. To clarify the precise signaling involved in the beneficial effect of taurine on alcohol-induced liver injury, rats were randomly divided into four treatment groups: (1) control (Ctl), (2) alcohol (Alc), (3) Alc+taurine (Tau), and (4) Alc+silymarin (Sil). The Tau and Sil groups had lower lymphocyte infiltration and significantly lower TLR-4/MyD88 and IκB/NFκB compared to the Alc group. The inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factors (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-1β were also significantly lower in the Tau and Sil groups than in the Alc group. The experimental results indicated that hepatoprotection against alcohol-induced inflammation may be mediated by decreased TLR-4/MyD88 signaling.