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Rhizopogon kretzerae sp. nov.: the rare fungal symbiont in the tripartite system with Pterospora andromedea and Pinus strobus

Grubisha, Lisa C., Dowie, Nicholas J., Miller, Steven L., Hazard, Christina, Trowbridge, Steven M., Horton, Thomas R., Klooster, Matthew R.
Botany 2014 v.92 no.7 pp. 527-534
DNA, Pinus strobus, Rhizopogon, endangered species, fungi, internal transcribed spacers, mutation, phylogeny, roots, symbionts, type collections, Michigan, New Hampshire, New York, Quebec
The first species of Rhizopogon subgenus Amylopogon identified from eastern North America is described here as Rhizopogon kretzerae Grubisha, Dowie, & Mill. sp. nov. In nature, R. kretzerae has been identified only from DNA sequences of the nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region (ITS) from mycorrhizal roots of Pinus strobus L. and Pterospora andromedea Nutt. Phylogenetic analyses and nucleotide divergence estimates of Rhizopogon ITS sequences from Pterospora roots from Quebec, Michigan, New York, and New Hampshire combined with ITS sequences of Rhizopogon subgenus Amylopogon species type collections suggest R.kretzerae is a sister-group to Rhizopogon salebrosus A.H. Sm. An absence of shared mutations, two informative sequence gaps, and 12 fixed nucleotide differences differentiate R.kretzerae and R.salebrosus. Furthermore, ITS sequences of 40 Pterospora root samples from five populations in the province of Quebec provided the first record of the distribution of R.kretzerae, a potentially rare to endangered species, in eastern Canada.