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Macroinvertebrate diversity loss in urban streams from tropical forests
- Docile, Tatiana N., Figueiró, Ronaldo, Portela, Clayton, Nessimian, Jorge L.
- Environmental monitoring and assessment 2016 v.188 no.4 pp. 237
- Coleoptera, Diptera, Ephemeroptera, Hemiptera, Lepidoptera, Megaloptera, Mollusca, Odonata, Plecoptera, Trichoptera, ammonia, aquatic ecosystems, aquatic invertebrates, community structure, correspondence analysis, dry season, habitats, humans, macroinvertebrates, multidimensional scaling, nitrogen content, physicochemical properties, species diversity, streams, tropical forests, urban population, urbanization, Brazil
- The increase of human activities in recent years has significantly interfered and affected aquatic ecosystems. In this present study, we investigate the effects of urbanization in the community structure of aquatic macroinvertebrates from Atlantic Forest streams. The sampling was conducted in the mountainous region of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 10 urban and 10 preserved streams during the dry season (August–September) of 2012. The streams were characterized for its environmental integrity conditions and physico-chemical properties of water. The macroinvertebrates were sampled on rocky substrates with a kicknet. A total of 5370 individuals were collected from all streams and were distributed among Ephemeroptera, Odonata, Plecoptera, Hemiptera, Megaloptera, Coleoptera, Trichoptera, Lepidoptera, and Diptera. In urban sites, all those orders were found, except Megaloptera, while only Mollusca was not found in preserved streams. We performed a non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMDS) analysis that separated two groups distributed among sites in urban communities and another group outside this area. The dominance was significantly higher at urban sites, while the α diversity and equitability were greater in preserved sites. A canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) was also performed, indicating that most taxa associated with high values of the Habitat Integrity Index (HII) and a few genus of the order Diptera with the high values of ammonia, total nitrogen, associated to streams in urban sites. Urban and preserved streams differ by physical-chemical variables and aquatic macroinvertebrates. In urban streams, there is most dominance, while α diversity and equitability are higher in preserved streams.