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Pericarp total protein profiles as molecular markers of tomato fruit quality traits in two segregating populations

Rodríguez, Gustavo R., Costa, Javier H. Pereira da, Tomat, Damian D., Pratta, Guillermo R., Zorzoli, Roxana, Picardi, Liliana A.
Scientia horticulturae 2011 v.130 no.1 pp. 60-66
Solanum lycopersicum, acidity, cherry tomatoes, color, crossing, cultivars, fruit quality, genes, genetic markers, genetic variance, genotype, pericarp, phenotypic variation, polypeptides, proteins, ripening, shelf life, soluble solids
The tomato fruit quality results of biochemical and physiological changes that occur during the ripening process. Although, the pericarp total protein profiles are less polymorphic than DNA-based markers the polymorphism in those could be directly associated with fruit quality traits. The aim of this work was to identify associations between polymorphic polypeptides from fruit pericarp at two ripening stages and fruit quality traits evaluated in two segregating populations of tomato. A cross between a normal ripening cultivar of Solanum lycopersicum (C, Caimanta) and a genotype carrying the nor (non ripening) gene (N) as well as a cross between Caimanta and a cherry type tomato of S. lycopersicum var. cerasiforme (Ce) showed genetic variance for several fruit quality traits such as fruit weight, shape, solids soluble content, acidity, color and fruit shelf life. The quantitative variations observed at phenotypic level had correspondence with the polymorphism detected in the protein profiles. Indeed, the polymophic polypeptides associated with quality fruit traits and fruit shelf life would be useful to assist tomato breeding programs as protein molecular markers.