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Effect of heart rate and hypoxia on the performance of a perfused trout heart

Farrell, A. P., Small, S., Graham, M. S.
Canadian journal of zoology 1989 v.67 no.2 pp. 274-280
cardiac output, heart, heart rate, hypoxia, oxygen, trout
While adrenergic stimulation and increased filling pressure of the heart are recognized to increase cardiac stroke volume in the trout heart, the effects of factors such as heart rate and oxygen supply have not been examined. The present study used isolated, saline-perfused trout hearts to determine the maximum cardiac performance during hypoxic perfusion and during changes in pacing frequency similar to the range of heart rate observed in intact trout. The threshold oxygen tension of the perfusate was between 25 and 46 Torr (3.33–6.13 kPa) for maintaining resting and maximum cardiac ouput, but was between 46 and 67 Torr (6.13 – 8.93 kPa) for maintaining maximum power output. Increasing the pacing frequency from 30 to 58 beats/min did not produce a proportionate increase in the maximum cardiac output because maximum stroke volume was reduced significantly. It is suggested that the reduction in maximum stroke volume occurs because atrial filling time is compromised at higher pacing frequencies in the isolated perfused heart.