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State-wide dissemination of a school-based nutrition education programme: a RE-AIM (Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) analysis

Dunton, Genevieve Fridlund, Liao, Yue, Grana, Rachel, Lagloire, Renee, Riggs, Nathaniel, Chou, Chih-Ping, Robertson, Trina
Public health nutrition 2014 v.17 no.2 pp. 422-430
curriculum, data collection, education programs, elementary schools, girls, high energy foods, nutrition education, nutrition knowledge, public health, self-efficacy, students, surveys, teachers, vegetable consumption, vegetables, California
The current study evaluated the overall public health impact of the ‘Shaping Up My Choices’ (SMC) programme, a 10-week school-based nutrition education curriculum developed for third-grade students, using the RE-AIM (Reach, Efficacy, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) framework. Randomized controlled trial to evaluate the programme and secondary analysis of archival data to describe dissemination. Data were collected from programme records, teacher surveys and student pre-, post- and 3-month follow-up surveys. Public elementary schools in California. An evaluation sample (938 students and nineteen teachers) and a dissemination sample (195 245 students and 7359 teachers). In the evaluation sample, differences between the control and intervention groups were observed for nutrition knowledge, self-efficacy, outcome expectancies, and intakes of vegetables, fruit (girls only), soda, and low-nutrient high-energy foods from pre- to post-survey. Group differences in change in knowledge, outcome expectancies and vegetable intake were sustained through the 3-month follow-up (efficacy). One hundred per cent of intervention teachers in the evaluation sample implemented all of the lessons (implementation). The dissemination sample represented 42 % of third-grade students (reach) and 39 % of third-grade classrooms in public elementary schools in California during 2010–2011 (adoption). Thirty-seven per cent of third-grade teachers in the dissemination sample reordered SMC materials during the subsequent school year (2011–2012; maintenance). The SMC programme demonstrates the potential for moderate to high public health impact.