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Impaired quality of life in treatment-seeking obese children of Dutch, Moroccan, Turkish and Surinamese descent

Author:
Radhakishun, Nalini NE, de Wit, Maartje, van Vliet, Mariska, von Rosenstiel, Ines A, Beijnen, Jos H, Brandjes, Dees PM, Diamant, Michaela
Source:
Public health nutrition 2016 v.19 no.5 pp. 796-803
ISSN:
1475-2727
Subject:
Whites, aggression, body mass index, childhood obesity, children, emotions, multivariate analysis, normal values, parents, quality of life, questionnaires, self-perception, waist circumference
Abstract:
To determine the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of overweight and obese multi-ethnic children compared with normal-weight children; and to investigate differences in HRQOL between self- and parent-proxy reports and ethnic groups. Prospective cross-sectional study. Out-patient clinic where children and their parents filled out a validated HRQOL questionnaire (KIDSCREEN-52) and height, weight, waist circumference and fat percentage were measured. Overweight and obese children, aged 8–18 years (mean BMI Z-score 3·2 (sd 0·6)), from the obesity out-patient clinic. Three hundred and eight self- and 213 parent-proxy reported questionnaires were completed. Global HRQOL and the Physical Wellbeing, Moods & Emotions and Self-Perception subscales were markedly reduced in our multi-ethnic obese cohort, relative to the Dutch reference values. Parent proxies reported significantly lower on the global HRQOL and the Physical Wellbeing, Moods & Emotions and Bullying subscales. In Caucasian children, multivariate analyses showed that BMI was associated with the quality-of-life subscales Moods & Emotions, Self-Perception and Bullying. HRQOL was markedly reduced in our multi-ethnic overweight and obese out-patient clinic cohort, with significantly lower parent-proxy scores compared with self-reported scores. We believe intervention programmes aiming to improve HRQOL should be directed to both parents and children, while ethnic-specific programmes to enhance HRQOL seem of less importance.
Agid:
5175023