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A Brief Review of Chlamydophila psittaci in Birds and Humans

West, Aundria
Journal of exotic pet medicine 2011 v.20 no.1 pp. 18-20
Chlamydophila psittaci, bacteria, birds, diarrhea, doxycycline, emaciation, farms, feces, fever, hand washing, headache, human resources, humans, hygiene, nose, notifiable disease, poultry, psittacosis, quarantine, risk, technicians, veterinarians
The following article is a brief review of Chlamydophila psittaci infection in birds (avian chlamydiosis) and humans (psittacosis). Chlamydophila psittaci is an intracellular, Gram-negative, coccoid bacterium that is a reportable zoonotic disease in many countries. Symptoms in humans diagnosed with psittacosis include fever, chills, headache, malaise, and myalgia. Clinical signs in infected birds are often vague but include lethargy, diarrhea, and emaciation. Chlamydophila psittaci is shed in the feces and nasal/ocular discharge. The treatment of choice for humans and birds infected with C. psittaci is doxycycline. People who have the highest risk for exposure and subsequent infection include employees of pet shops and poultry farms, veterinarians, veterinary technicians, and pet owners. Prevention and control methods include quarantine of new birds for 30 days, routine testing of new bird purchases, proper hygiene (e.g., hand washing), and good husbandry practices.