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Effect of different cooking methods on the flavour constituents of mushroom (Agaricus bisporus (Lange) Sing) soup

Li, Qin, Zhang, Hai-Hua, Claver, Irakoze Pierre, Zhu, Ke-Xue, Peng, Wei, Zhou, Hui-Ming
International journal of food science & technology 2011 v.46 no.5 pp. 1100-1108
Agaricus bisporus, cooking, flavor, free amino acids, gas chromatography, mushrooms, nuts, popcorn, sauces, soups, sweets, volatile compounds
The effect of different cooking methods on the flavour of mushroom soup was assessed. The results indicated that the levels of free amino acids and 5'-nucleotides in the microwaved mushroom soup were (P < 0.05) higher than those in boiled and autoclaved mushroom soup. The number of volatile compounds identified in the boiled mushroom soup was (P < 0.05) higher than those in autoclaved and microwaved mushroom soup. The main aroma-active compounds found in mushroom soup were 1-octen-3-one (mushroom-like), 3-octen-2-one (cooked mushroom-like), 2,6-dimethyl pyrazine (roast nut), benzeneacetaldehyde (floral), dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone (sweet) and some unknown compounds with popcorn and sauce flavour. In addition, boiled, autoclaved and microwaved mushroom soup possessed thirteen, ten and nine aroma-active compounds (with flavour dilution factors > 1), respectively. Thus the flavour of mushroom soup is dependent on the cooking methods as proved by gas chromatography and olfactometry analysis.