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Analysis of Lipophilic and Hydrophilic Bioactive Compounds Content in Sea Buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides L.) Berries
- Teleszko, Miroslawa, Wojdylo, Aneta, Rudzinska, Magdalena, Oszmianski, Jan, Golis, Tomasz
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2015 v.63 no.16 pp. 4120-4129
- Hippophae rhamnoides, ascorbic acid, beta-sitosterol, bioactive compounds, carotenoids, cultivars, glycosides, high performance liquid chromatography, hydrophilicity, isorhamnetin, kaempferol, mass spectrometry, polyphenols, polyunsaturated fatty acids, quercetin, small fruits, spectrophotometers, squalene
- The aim of this study was to determine selected phytochemicals in berries of eight sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides subsp. mongolica) cultivars, including lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds. In the experiment chromatographic analyses, GC (phytosterols and fatty acids), UPLC-PDA-FL, LC-MS (polyphenols), and HPLC (l-ascorbic acid), as well spectrophotometric method (total carotenoids) were used. The lipid fraction isolated from whole fruit contained 14 phytosterols (major compounds β-sitosterol > 24-methylenecykloartanol > squalene) and 11 fatty acids in the order MUFAs > SFAs > PUFAs. Carotenoids occurred in concentrations between 6.19 and 23.91 mg/100 g fresh weight (fw) (p < 0.05). The major polyphenol group identified in berries was flavonols (mean content of 311.55 mg/100 g fw), with the structures of isorhamnetin (six compounds), quercetin (four compounds), and kaempferol (one compound) glycosides. Examined sea buckthorn cultivars were characterized also by a high content of l-ascorbic acid in a range from 52.86 to 130.97 mg/100 g fw (p < 0.05).