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Food Targeting: A Real-Time PCR Assay Targeting 16S rDNA for Direct Quantification of Alicyclobacillus spp. Spores after Aptamer-Based Enrichment

Hunniger, Tim, Felbinger, Christine, Wessels, Hauke, Mast, Sophia, Hoffmann, Antonia, Schefer, Anna, Martbauer, Erwin, Paschke-Kratzin, Angelika, Fischer, Markus
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2015 v.63 no.17 pp. 4291-4296
Alicyclobacillus, endospores, genetically modified organisms, magnetic separation, metabolites, off flavors, oligonucleotides, orange juice, pasteurization, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, ribosomal DNA
Spore-forming Alicyclobacillus spp. are able to form metabolites that induce even in small amounts an antiseptical or medicinal off-flavor in fruit juices. Microbial contaminations could occur by endospores, which overcame the pasteurization process. The current detection method for Alicyclobacillus spp. can take up to 1 week because of microbiological enrichment. In a previous study, DNA aptamers were selected and characterized for an aptamer-driven rapid enrichment of Alicyclobacillus spp. spores from orange juice by magnetic separation. In the present work, a direct quantification assay for Alicyclobacillus spp. spores was developed to complete the two-step approach of enrichment and detection. After mechanical treatment of the spores, the isolated DNA was quantified in a real-time PCR-assay targeting 16S rDNA. The assay was evaluated by the performance requirements of the European Network of Genetically Modified Organisms Laboratories (ENGL). Hence, the presented method is applicable for direct spore detection from orange juice in connection with an enrichment step.