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Some Characteristics of a Second‐Growth Northern Hardwood Stand

Piussi, Pietro
Ecology 1966 v.47 no.5 pp. 860-864
Acer saccharum, Betula papyrifera, Fagus grandifolia, Ostrya virginiana, Quercus rubra, Tsuga canadensis, cutting, hardwood, hardwood forests, mountains, second growth, stand composition, stand structure, trees, Adirondacks
A stand of northern hardwoods located in the Adirondacks Mountains (N.Y.) was studied in regards to structure, composition, and development. The stand has been exploited in the past by selection cutting but during the last 40 years has remained practically undisturbed. Eighteen tree species contribute to the composition of the stand within the 4 acres studied; the most abundant are Fagus grandifolia, Acer saccharum, and Tsuga canadensis. The forest mixture is made up of single trees of small groups of trees of the same species. Stand structure is typically uneven—aged even in small areas, showing characteristics of selectively cut forests, though the frequency—dbh distribution examined separately for Quercus borealis, Betual lenta, and Betula papyrifera is of the even—aged type. There is abundant regeneration of Fagus gradifolia, Ostrya virginiana, and Acer saccharum, and the forest is slowly changing to an increasing predominance of tolerant species. Good correlation between diameter and age exists for Fagus grandifolia, Tsuga canadensis, and Acer saccharum.