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Field Studies on Photosynthesis of Cladophora Glomerata (Chlorophyta) in Green Bay, Lake Michigan

Adams, Michael S., Stone, Walter
Ecology 1973 v.54 no.4 pp. 853-862
Cladophora glomerata, calcium, effluents, field experimentation, light intensity, lighting, nitrogen, nutrient content, photosynthesis, rivers, seasonal variation, sodium, spring, strontium, summer, water temperature, zinc, Lake Michigan
Net photosynthesis of Cladophora glomerata was measured at three sites in lower Green Bay, Lake Michigan, from late spring through summer, 1971. Lower levels of productivity occurred early in the season at two of the sites, when water temperatures were lowest. At the third site water temperature and productivity varied the least. Contrary to other reports, we found that Cladophora made relatively efficient use of low illumination. Under statistically similar temperature and irradiance levels, productivity was higher with increasing proximity to the mouth of the Fox River. Nitrogen, calcium, strontium, sodium, and zinc also were highest in concentration in plants receiving the greatest amount of effluents from the Fox River in comparison with the site receiving the least. Site differences in productivity appear to be related to nutrient levels, whereas seasonal differences in productivity are probably most closely related to seasonal temperature differences.