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Organochlorine Pesticides in Sediments around Chaohu Lake: Concentration Levels and Vertical Distribution

Zhang, Liu, Yin, Da-Qiang, Wu, Yakton, Peng, Shu-Chuan, Chen, Tian-Hu, Wang, Ji-Zhong
Soil & sediment contamination 2016 v.25 no.2 pp. 195-209
DDT (pesticide), HCH (pesticide), carbon, edaphic factors, environmental impact, estuaries, hexachlorobenzene, isomers, lakes, lindane, metabolites, principal component analysis, rivers, sediments, urbanization, China
Eighteen organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were investigated in surface sediments from the Nanfei River and in four sediment cores from the primary estuaries of Chaohu Lake, Eastern China. The results indicate that the OCP concentrations in the surface and core sediments around Chaohu Lake were 3.48–121.08 (with a mean of 34.93) ng/g and 0.60–39.28 (7.07) ng/g, respectively. Significantly higher concentrations of ΣOCPs were observed in sediment samples from the Nanfei River and its estuary. The three important OCP contributors around Chaohu Lake were dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and its metabolites (DDTs), hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs), and hexachlorobenzene (HCB), which originated primarily from the historical use of technical DDTs and HCHs. A principal component analysis (PCA) suggests that HCB and lindane may originate from the same sources, and DDTs were greatly influenced by organic carbon from the soil environment and the impact of urbanization processes.