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Colorimetric and Phosphorimetric Dual-Signaling Strategy Mediated by Inner Filter Effect for Highly Sensitive Assay of Organophosphorus Pesticides

Zhang, Rong, Li, Na, Sun, Junyong, Gao, Feng
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2015 v.63 no.40 pp. 8947-8954
absorbance, acetylcholinesterase, apples, colorimetry, detection limit, gold, nanogold, omethoate, paraoxon, parathion, phosphates, phosphorescence, quantum dots
We describe here a colorimetric and phosphorimetric dual-signaling strategy for sensitive assay of organophosphorus pesticides (OPPs). The principle for assay depends on the phenomenon that the phosphorescence of Mn-ZnS quantum dots (QDs) can be dramatically quenched by Au nanoparticles (AuNPs) through the inner filter effect (IFE) and the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE), an enzyme that catalytically hydrolyzes acetylthiocholine to thiocholine that can be inhibited by OPPs. By virtue of the variations of absorbance and phosphorescence of the analytical system, a dual-readout assay for OPPs has been proposed. The limits of detection for different OPPs including paraoxon, parathion, omethoate, and dimethyl dichlorovinyl phosphate (DDVP) are found to be 0.29, 0.59, 0.67, and 0.44 ng/L, respectively. The proposed assay was allowed to detect pesticides in real spiked samples and authentic contaminated apples with satisfactory results, suggesting its potential applications to detect pesticides in complicated samples.