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Evaluation of antimutagenic and protective effects of Parkinsonia aculeata L. leaves against H2O2 induced damage in pBR322 DNA
- Sharma, Sonia, Sharma, Sushant, Vig, Adarsh Pal
- Physiology and molecular biology of plants 2016 v.22 no.1 pp. 17-31
- DNA, DNA damage, Parkinsonia aculeata, Salmonella Typhimurium, antimutagenic activity, butanol, caffeic acid, catechin, chlorogenic acid, ellagic acid, gallic acid, hexane, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, leaves, mechanism of action, methanol, mutagenesis, mutagens, polyphenols, protective effect, rutin, sodium azide, ultra-performance liquid chromatography, umbelliferones
- The in vitro antimutagenic and DNA protecting potential of organic (methanol, hexane, n-butanol) and aqueous extract/fractions of Parkinsonia aculeata L. (Fabaceae) was investigated by employing Ames assay and DNA nicking assay. DNA damage by hydroxyl radicals was effectively inhibited by all the extract/fractions. A marked antimutagenic effect was observed against 4-Nitro-o-phenylenediamine and sodium azide (direct acting mutagens) and 2-Aminofluorene (indirect acting mutagen) in TA98 and TA100 strains of Salmonella typhimurium. In Ames assay, two different modes of experiments i.e. pre-incubation and co-incubation were performed and it was observed that all the extract/fractions showed better results in the pre-incubation as compared to co- incubation mode. Out of all the extract/fractions tested, n-butanol fraction was found to be the most effective in preventing DNA damage and inhibiting mutagenesis. UHPLC analysis of extract/fractions revealed presence of polyphenols such as gallic acid, catechin, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, umbelliferone, coumaric acid, rutin, and ellagic acid etc. DNA protecting and antimutagenic activity of this plant could be attributed to presence of these polyphenols. The results of this study indicate the presence of potent antioxidant factors in Parkinsonia aculeata L, which are being explored further for their mechanism of action.