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Application of the UASB inoculated with flocculent and granular sludge in treating sewage at different hydraulic shock loads

Sabry, Tarek
Bioresource technology 2008 v.99 no.10 pp. 4073-4077
chemical oxygen demand, effluents, rural areas, sewage, sewage sludge, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor
The aim of this work was to investigate the resistance to hydraulic shock loads of flocculent versus granular sludge used in UASB reactors treating sewage with high solids content. Step-wise shock loads were conducted through decreasing HRT to examine the extent of reducing this parameter without significantly changing COD removal efficiency of the reactor. The lowest HRT of 4h resulted in only 3-4% reduction in the COD removal efficiency and the effluent contained low VFAs. Both sludge types have been also tested under transient hydraulic shock loads, which represent the wide variations between peak and average sewage flows occurring in small communities (rural areas). Up to 6 times the average flow no significant impact was observed on reactor performance except during and few hours after applying the shock loads.