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Effect of graded levels of dietary thiamine on the growth performance, body composition and haemato‐biochemical parameters of juvenile Sclizothorax prenanti

Xiang, X., Zhou, X.‐Q., Chen, G.‐F., Wu, P., Zheng, Z.‐L.
Aquaculture nutrition 2016 v.22 no.3 pp. 691-697
blood chemistry, blood serum, body composition, body weight, cholesterol, experimental diets, feed conversion, fish, growth performance, juveniles, protein efficiency ratio, specific growth rate, thiamin, transketolase, triacylglycerols, weight gain
This study was conducted to determine dietary thiamine requirement of juvenile Sclizothorax prenanti and evaluate the effect of dietary thiamine levels on growth performance, body composition and haemato‐biochemical parameters for this fish species. The seven experimental diets were formulated to contain the graded levels of thiamine (0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 60 and 100 mg kg⁻¹ diet, respectively), providing the actual dietary thiamine values of 0.31 (control), 9.82, 21.49, 29.83, 41.66, 62.24 and 114.58 mg kg⁻¹ diet, respectively. Each diet was assigned to three replicate groups of S. prenanti (initial body weight: 13.46 ± 0.28 g, means ± SD) for 60 days. Increasing dietary thiamine level up to 21.49 mg kg⁻¹ diet increased weight gain rate (WGR), specific growth rate (SGR), feed efficiency (FE) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) (P < 0.05), beyond which they remained nearly unchanged. Similarly, hepatic thiamine concentration and several serum biochemical parameters (transketolase activity, triglyceride and total cholesterol contents) increased with increasing levels of thiamine up to 21.49 mg kg⁻¹ diet (P < 0.05) and, thereafter, remained almost constant. However, no significant differences in body composition (moisture, protein, lipid and ash contents) were found among dietary thiamine treatments (P > 0.05). Analysis by the broken‐line regression of WGR, SGR, FE, PER, hepatic thiamine concentration and serum transketolase activity indicated that dietary thiamine requirements in juvenile S. prenanti were 18.45–25.91 mg kg⁻¹ diet.