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Optimizing initial feeding of the Pike silverside Chirostoma estor: oil droplet depletion, point of no return, growth and fatty acid utilization in larvae fed enriched rotifers

Ríos‐Durán, M.G., Navarrete‐Ramírez, P., Fonseca‐Madrigal, J., Mendez‐Ortiz, E., Palacios, E., Racotta, I.S., Martínez‐Chávez, C.C., Ross, L.G., Martínez‐Palacios, C.A.
Aquaculture nutrition 2016 v.22 no.3 pp. 517-526
Chirostoma estor, Chlorella, Rotifera, cod liver oil, corn oil, droplets, egg yolk, eggs, essential fatty acids, health status, larvae, lipid composition, liver, starvation, vigor
The point of no return (PNR) and disappearance of the oil droplet were measured in Chirostoma estor larvae as a function of the time of first feeding. In a separate trial, growth and survival of larvae fed rotifers enriched with Chlorella sp., cod liver oil and corn oil were assessed. Fatty acid and lipid composition of eggs, oil droplets, egg yolk, feed and larvae were also evaluated. The PNR was found between 7 and 8 days posthatching (dph). Total oil droplet depletion occurred between 7 and 11 dph, depending on the time of first feeding. Best growth and survival were obtained in larvae fed with Chlorella‐enriched rotifers, followed by those fed cod liver oil‐enriched rotifers. In larvae fed corn oil, Chlorella and cod liver oil‐enriched rotifers, total oil droplet depletion took place on days 9, 10 and 11, respectively. There was a direct relationship between presence and duration of oil droplets and the survival of larvae under different starvation conditions. The feed source could prolong the existence of the oil droplet depending on particular dietary supply of essential fatty acids; the time of its disappearance could be a useful indicator of larval vigour and health status.