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Effects of dietary fish oil substitution with linseed oil on growth, muscle fatty acid and metabolism of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

Li, F.‐J., Lin, X., Lin, S.‐M., Chen, W.‐Y., Guan, Y.
Aquaculture nutrition 2016 v.22 no.3 pp. 499-508
Oreochromis niloticus, alanine transaminase, alkaline phosphatase, antioxidant activity, aspartate transaminase, blood serum, body weight, diet, fatty acid composition, fatty acid metabolism, feed conversion, fish, fish oils, hepatopancreas, linseed oil, lipid content, lipoprotein lipase, malate dehydrogenase, malondialdehyde, muscles, omega-6 fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, protein efficiency ratio, specific growth rate, superoxide dismutase, tanks
This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of linseed oil (LO) replacing different levels of fish oil (FO) on growth, muscle fatty acid composition and metabolism of gift tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) (mean initial weight 22 ± 0.5 g) in indoor recycle aquarium tanks for 8 weeks. Fish fed the diet with 50% of the oil as LO had higher final body weight (FWG), specific growth rate (SGR) and protein efficiency ratio (PER) than the other groups (P < 0.05). Hepatopancreas lipid content of fish fed 50% LO was lower than the other groups. Total n‐3 and n‐6 PUFA contents in the dorsal muscle and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in serum increased with increasing dietary LO level. Fish fed 50% LO had higher alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activities in hepatopancreas and total antioxidant capacity (T‐AOC) and alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activities in serum than the other groups (P < 0.05). However, malate dehydrogenase (MDH) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) contents in hepatopancreas were lower than other groups (P < 0.05) with a 50% substitution level. Results of this study indicated that LO could substitute <50% FO without influencing the growth of tilapia. The higher substitution levels of LO induced negative influences on growth, feed utilization and antioxidant ability of tilapia, but could promote DHA synthesis in tilapia muscle.