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Contamination of Soil by Copper Affects the Dynamics, Diversity, and Activity of Soil Bacterial Communities Involved in Wheat Decomposition and Carbon Storage

Author:
Bernard, L., Maron, P.A., Mougel, C., Nowak, V., Lévêque, J., Marol, C., Balesdent, J., Gibiat, F., Ranjard, L.
Source:
Applied and environmental microbiology 2009 v.75 no.23 pp. 7565-7569
ISSN:
0099-2240
Subject:
bacterial communities, carbon sequestration, copper, soil ecology, soil organic matter, soil pollution, wheat
Abstract:
A soil microcosm experiment was conducted to evaluate the influence of copper contamination on the dynamics and diversity of bacterial communities actively involved in wheat residue decomposition. In the presence of copper, a higher level of CO₂ release was observed, which did not arise from greater wheat decomposition but from a higher level of stimulation of soil organic matter mineralization (known as the priming effect). Such functional modifications may be related to significant modifications in the diversity of active bacterial populations characterized using the DNA stable-isotope probing approach.
Agid:
519434