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Trace elements are associated with urinary 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine level: a case study of college students in Guangzhou, China

Lu, Shaoyou, Ren, Lu, Fang, Jianzhang, Ji, Jiajia, Liu, Guihua, Zhang, Jianqing, Zhang, Huimin, Luo, Ruorong, Lin, Kai, Fan, Ruifang
Environmental science and pollution research international 2016 v.23 no.9 pp. 8484-8491
DNA, aluminum, antimony, arsenic, atomic absorption spectrometry, biomarkers, cadmium, case studies, college students, copper, dietary exposure, food intake, liquid chromatography, manganese, molybdenum, neoplasms, nickel, oxidative stress, selenium, spectrometers, strontium, thallium, urine, China
Many trace heavy elements are carcinogenic and increase the incidence of cancer. However, a comprehensive study of the correlation between multiple trace elements and DNA oxidative damage is still lacking. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationships between the body burden of multiple trace elements and DNA oxidative stress in college students in Guangzhou, China. Seventeen trace elements in urine samples were determined by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Urinary 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a biomarker of DNA oxidative stress, was also measured using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometer (LC-MS/MS). The concentrations of six essential elements including manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), nickel (Ni), selenium (Se), strontium (Sr), and molybdenum (Mo), and five non-essential elements including arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), aluminum (Al), stibium (Sb), and thallium (Tl), were found to be significantly correlated with urinary 8-OHdG levels. Moreover, urinary levels of Ni, Se, Mo, As, Sr, and Tl were strongly significantly correlated with 8-OHdG (P < 0.01) concentration. Environmental exposure and dietary intake of these trace elements may play important roles in DNA oxidative damage in the population of Guangzhou, China.