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Characterization of 17 new microsatellite markers for the dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense (Dinophyceae), a harmful algal bloom species
- Sehein, Taylor, Richlen, Mindy L., Nagai, Satoshi, Yasuike, Motoshige, Nakamura, Yoji, Anderson, Donald M.
- Journal of applied phycology 2016 v.28 no.3 pp. 1677-1681
- Alexandrium, algal blooms, alleles, environmental health, environmental impact, estuaries, gene flow, genetic markers, loci, microsatellite repeats, toxicity, Gulf of Maine, Japan, Massachusetts, North Sea, Northwest Atlantic
- Alexandrium fundyense is a toxic marine dinoflagellate responsible for “red tide” events in temperate and sub-arctic waters worldwide. In the Gulf of Maine (GOM) and Bay of Fundy in the Northwest Atlantic, blooms of A. fundyense recur annually and are associated with major health and ecosystem impacts. In this region, microsatellite markers have been used to investigate genetic structure and gene flow; however, the loci currently available for this species were isolated from populations from Japan and the North Sea, and only a subset is suitable for the analysis of A. fundyense populations in the Northwest Atlantic. To facilitate future studies of A. fundyense blooms, both in this region and globally, we isolated and characterized 17 polymorphic microsatellite loci from 31 isolates collected from the GOM and from the Nauset Marsh System, an estuary on Cape Cod, Massachusetts, USA. These loci yielded between two and 15 alleles per locus, with an average of 7.1. Gene diversities ranged from 0.297 to 0.952. We then analyzed these same 31 isolates using previously published markers for comparison. We determined the new markers are sufficiently variable and better suited for the investigation of genetic structure, bloom dynamics, and diversity in the Northwest Atlantic.