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Improved Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation of GNA transgenic sugarcane

Zhangsun, Dongting, Luo, Sulan, Chen, Rukai, Tang, Kexuan
Biologia 2007 v.62 no.4 pp. 386-393
Agrobacterium radiobacter, Ceratovacuna, Galanthus nivalis, agglutinins, bioassays, callus, corn, cultivars, genes, genetic markers, genetic transformation, genetically modified organisms, lectins, plasmids, polymerase chain reaction, promoter regions, rice, sucrose, sugarcane, ubiquitin, virulence
Six plasmids carrying a snowdrop lectin (Galanthus nivalis agglutinin, GNA) and one of three selection markers were successfully transferred into two sugarcane cultivars (FN81–745 and Badila) via Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Agrobacterium strains LBA4404, EHA105 and A281 that harboured a super-binary vector were used for sugarcane transformation. The use of the hygromycin (Hyg) resistance gene (hpt II), phosphinothrincin (PPT) resistance gene (bar) or G418 resistance gene (npt II) as a screenable marker facilitated the initial selection of GNA transgenic sugarcane callus with different efficiencies and helped the rapid segregation of individual transformation events. All the three selective marker genes were controlled by CaMV 35S promoter, while GNA gene was controlled by promoter of RSs-1 (rice sucrose synthase-1) or Ubi (maize ubiquitin). Factors important to successful transformation mediated by Agrobacterium tumefaciens were optimized, which included concentration of A. tumefaciens, medium composition, co-cultivated methods with plant tissue, strain virulence and different selective marker genes. An efficient protocol for sugarcane transformation mediated by A. tumefaciens was established. The GNA gene has been integrated into sugarcane genome as demonstrated by PCR and Southern dot blotting detections. The preliminary results from bioassay demonstrated a significant resistance of the transgenic sugarcane plants to woolly aphid (Ceratovacuna lanigera Zehnther) indicating thus the possibility for obtaining a transgenic sugarcane cultivar with resistance to woolly aphid.