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Adsorption of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solutions on biochars prepared from agricultural by-products

Pellera, Frantseska-Maria, Giannis, Apostolos, Kalderis, Dimitrios, Anastasiadou, Kalliopi, Stegmann, Rainer, Wang, Jing-Yuan, Gidarakos, Evangelos
Journal of environmental management 2012 v.96 no.1 pp. 35-42
adsorption, aqueous solutions, biochar, byproducts, composts, hot water treatment, ions, models, pH, pomace, pyrolysis, rice hulls, sorption isotherms, wastes
In this study, the adsorption of Cu(II) from aqueous solutions by agricultural by-products, such as rice husks, olive pomace and orange waste, as well as compost, was evaluated. The aim was to obtain sorbent materials (biochars) through hydrothermal treatment (300 °C) and pyrolysis (300 °C and 600 °C). The effect of adsorbent dose, pH, contact time and initial Cu(II) concentration in batch-mode experiments was investigated. The optimum Cu(II) adsorption conditions was found to occur at 5–12 g/L adsorbent dose, initial pH 5–6, and reaction time 2–4 h. Furthermore, the adsorption kinetics were best described by the pseudo-second order model for all the tested materials, while the adsorption equilibrium best fitted by the linear and Freundlich isotherms. Comparing rice husks and olive pomace, the higher adsorption capacity resulted after pyrolysis at 300 °C. With respect to the orange waste and compost, the highest adsorption capacity was observed using biochars obtained after hydrothermal treatment and pyrolysis at 300 °C.