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Bioaccumulation of Aluminium in Hydromacrophytes in Polish Coastal Lakes

Senze, Magdalena, Kowalska-Góralska, Monika
Limnological review 2015 v.14 no.3 pp. 145-152
Alisma plantago-aquatica, Carex, Ceratophyllum demersum, Eleocharis palustris, Glyceria maxima, Iris pseudacorus, Juncus bulbosus, Mentha, Myriophyllum, Phalaris arundinacea, Phragmites australis, Potamogeton perfoliatus, Sagittaria sagittifolia, Schoenoplectus lacustris, Typha angustifolia, aluminum, aquatic plants, basins, bioaccumulation factor, coasts, lakes, pH, summer, surface water, Baltic Sea, Poland
The research on aluminium content was conducted in water and on aquatic flora of Polish lakes in the central part of the coast. The study included the lakes Sarbsko, Choczewskie, Bia.e, K.odno, D.brze and Salino investigated in the summer of 2013. The examined lakes belong mainly to the direct basin of the Baltic Sea. Samples of aquatic plants and lake waters were collected. In the water samples pH and electrolytic conductivity were measured. The aluminium content was determined both in water and aquatic plants. Submerged hydromacrophyte studies included Myriophyllum alterniflorum L., Potamogeton perfoliatus L. and Ceratophyllum demersum L. Emergent hydromacrophyte studies included Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud., Juncus bulbosus L., Iris pseudacorus L., Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. % Schult., Phalaris arundinacea L., Carex riparia Curt., Mentha aquatic L., Stratiotes aloides L., Alisma plantago-aquatica L., Glyceria maxima (Hartman) Holmb., Sagittaria sagittifolia L., Scirpus lacustris L. and Typha angustifolia L. The purpose of this investigation was the determination of the aluminium content in submerged and emergent hydromacrophytes and also the definition of their bioaccumulative abilities. The average concentration of aluminium in water was 2.68 fęg Al dm.3. The average content of aluminium in plants was 2.8015 mg Al kg.1. The bioaccumulation factor ranged from BCF=19.74 to BCF=16619. On the basis of the analysis of the aluminium content in water and aquatic plants results show that both water and plants were characterized by a moderate level of aluminium. The recorded concentrations indicate a mid-range value and are much lower than those which are quoted for a variety of surface waters in various parts of the world.