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Antioxidant capacity, scavenging radical activity and selected chemical composition of native apple cultivars from Central Europe

Author:
Rop, Otakar, Jurikova, Tunde, Sochor, Jiri, Mlcek, Jiri, Kramarova, Daniela
Source:
Journal of food quality 2011 v.34 no.3 pp. 187-194
ISSN:
0146-9428
Subject:
acidity, antioxidant activity, apples, ascorbic acid, cultivars, foods, free radical scavengers, fruit extracts, human nutrition, hydroxyl radicals, nitric oxide, nutrients, pectins, soluble solids, superoxide anion, Central European region
Abstract:
The main aim of this study was to focus on 10 typical native apple cultivars from Central Europe and to determine the basic characteristics such as dry matter, soluble solid content, titrable acidity, the content of pectins, phenolics, ascorbic acid, antioxidant capacity and the scavenging effect of 10% apple fruit extracts on hydroxyl radical, nitric oxide and superoxide radical in them. In our experiments, it was found out that the highest content of organic acids was shown by the “Jeptiska” cultivar (5.40 g/kg of FM). As far as the content of pectins was concerned, the highest levels were found out in the “Strymka” cultivar (32.60 g/kg FM). In case of total phenolic content, antioxidant capacity, ascorbic acid content and scavenging activity of reactive oxygen species (hydroxyl radical, nitric oxide and superoxide anion), high efficiency was determined in the local cultivars, namely, in “Matcino,”“Panenske ceske” and “Strymka.” Practical Applications: The results shown have wide use in the alimentary industry and human nutrition as apples belong to the most widespread core fruit. There exist many apple cultivars that have not been described in detail in literature and this study provides an insight into 10 not very common cultivars in the world; and although in Central Europe these cultivars are cultivated successfully, so far they have not been utilized commercially. However, their genetic uniqueness represents an irreplaceable ecological wealth and for that reason these local cultivars could become a new and outstanding source of nutrients and food. Today, they can also be used as a potential material for further breeding and selection.
Agid:
520663