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Polyphenols Variation in Fruits of the Susceptible Strawberry Cultivar Alba during Ripening and upon Fungal Pathogen Interaction and Possible Involvement in Unripe Fruit Tolerance
- Nagpala, Ellaine Grace, Guidarelli, Michela, Gasperotti, Mattia, Masuero, Domenico, Bertolini, Paolo, Vrhovsek, Urska, Baraldi, Elena
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.9 pp. 1869-1878
- Botrytis cinerea, Colletotrichum acutatum, Fragaria ananassa, cultivars, flavonoids, fruits, fungi, gene expression, genes, genotype, health promotion, metabolites, metabolome, pathogens, polyphenols, ripening, shikimate pathway, strawberries
- Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) fruit contains high concentrations of health-promoting phenolic compounds, playing important roles for the fruit ontogenic tolerance to fungi. In the highly susceptible cultivar Alba, the two major strawberry fungal pathogens, Colletotrichum acutatum and Botrytis cinerea, displayed disease symptoms only at red ripe stages because immature fruits are tolerant to diseases. We analyzed and compared the variation of 47 polyphenols in the surface of unripe and ripe Alba fruits upon 24 and 48 h of C. acutatum and B. cinerea infection or mock inoculation. Significant alteration in phenolic content was detected only in white infected fruit, with differences specific for each pathogen. The expression analysis of phenylpropanoid, flavonoid, and shikimate pathway genes showed in only a few cases correlation with the relative metabolite abundance. The alteration in phenolic content and the lack of consistency with gene expression data are discussed in light of previously reported metabolome data of different susceptible and resistant strawberry genotypes.