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A high-density linkage map with 2560 markers and its application for the localization of the male-sterile genes ms3 and ms4 in Cryptomeria japonica D. Don

Moriguchi, Yoshinari, Uchiyama, Kentaro, Ueno, Saneyoshi, Ujino-Ihara, Tokuko, Matsumoto, Asako, Iwai, Junji, Miyajima, Daisuke, Saito, Maki, Sato, Masaya, Tsumura, Yoshihiko
Tree genetics & genomes 2016 v.12 no.3 pp. 57
Cryptomeria japonica, chromosome mapping, forestry, genes, genetic markers, hay fever, linkage groups, loci, males, marker-assisted selection, molecular cloning, pollen flow, single nucleotide polymorphism, trees, Japan
Cryptomeria japonica pollinosis is one of the most serious allergic diseases in Japan; this is a social problem because C. japonica is the most important Japanese forestry species. In order to reduce the amount of pollen dispersed, breeding programs using trees with male-sterile genes have been implemented. High-density linkage maps with stable ordering of markers facilitate the localization of male-sterile genes and the construction of partial linkage maps around them in order to develop markers for use in marker-assisted selection. In this study, a high-density linkage map for C. japonica with 2560 markers was constructed. The observed map length was 1266.2 cM and the mean distance between adjacent markers was 0.49 cM. Using information from this high-density map, we newly located two male-sterile genes (ms3 and ms4) on the first and fourth linkage groups, respectively, and constructed partial linkage maps around these loci. We also constructed new partial linkage maps around the ms1 and ms2 loci using additional SNP markers. The closest markers to the ms1, ms2, ms3, and ms4 male-sterile loci were estSNP04188 (1.8 cM), estSNP00695 (7.0 cM), gSNP05415 (3.1 cM), and estSNP01408 (7.0 cM) respectively. These results allowed us to develop SNP markers tightly linked to the male sterile genes for use in MAS; this will accelerate the future isolation of these genes by map-based cloning approaches.