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Effect of the type of dietary fat when added as an energy source on animal performance, carcass characteristics and meat quality of intensively reared Friesian steers

Guerrero, A., Muela, E., Valero, M. V., Prado, I. N., Campo, M. M., Olleta, J. L., Catalán, O., Sañudo, C.
Animal production science 2016 v.56 no.7 pp. 1144-1151
Holstein, animal performance, carcass characteristics, color, consumer acceptance, dietary fat, energy, fatty acid composition, lipid peroxidation, lipids, meat, meat composition, meat quality, muscles, palm oils, rearing, steers, straw, sunflower oil, tallow, texture
The effects of different fats in the diet were evaluated on the basis of animal performance, carcass and meat-quality traits. Four groups of eight Friesian steers were intensively finished with concentrate and cereal straw given ad libitum. Four different types of fats were included at a 4% level in the diet, namely, palm oil, sunflower oil, tallow and hydrogenated fat. The feeding trial lasted for 84 days. There were no differences on animal performance or carcass characteristics, except for animals from the hydrogenated-fat diet, which had the greatest percentage of muscle and moisture, and the lowest percentage of fat in a 6th rib dissection. Meat colour, texture, lipid oxidation and consumer acceptability did not differ among the diets. Nevertheless, the effects of ageing or display time were more important than those of the source of fat. Intramuscular fatty acid profile was hardly influenced by the fat source. In conclusion, the type of fat added at the final stage of the rearing process, at a 4% of inclusion level, did not produce noticeable variations on productive parameters or product quality. This would allow to formulate rations for cattle, using the most profitable source of fat (added at low levels), without having variability on the product quality.