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Purification and Characterization of Protamine, the Allergen from the Milt of Large Yellow Croaker (Pseudosciaena crocea), and Its Components

Liu, Yan-Yun, Chen, Xiao-Feng, Hu, Jia-Wei, Chen, Zhong-Wei, Zhang, Ling-Jing, Cao, Min-Jie, Liu, Guang-Ming
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.9 pp. 1999-2011
Larimichthys crocea, allergens, anaphylaxis, circular dichroism spectroscopy, fish, glycoproteins, humans, immunoglobulin E, milt, patients, physicochemical properties, protamines, reversed-phase liquid chromatography, temperature
The protamine in fish milt can cause anaphylaxis in humans. To determine the allergen in the milt of large yellow croaker (Pseudosciaena crocea), crude extracts were incubated with sera from allergic patients. The results showed that a 12 kDa multicomponent protein was the major allergen in the milt of large yellow croaker. The multicomponent protein was purified, and physicochemical characterization showed that it was a glycoprotein, highly stable in acid–alkali conditions, and weakly retained immunoglobulin E (IgE)-binding activity at high temperatures. Separation and immunoreactivity analysis of the components of the multicomponent protein showed that it had six components, and component 5 had the strongest IgE-binding activity with patient sera. N-terminal sequencing confirmed the multicomponent protein was protamine. Following analysis of protamine from different fish by reversed-phase liquid chromatography and circular dichroism spectra, the protamines from different fish were found to have a similar secondary structure, although their components were different.