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Bioaccessibility of Polyphenols from Plant-Processing Byproducts of Black Carrot (Daucus carota L.)

Kamiloglu, Senem, Capanoglu, Esra, Bilen, Fatma Damla, Gonzales, Gerard Bryan, Grootaert, Charlotte, Wiele, Tom van de, Camp, John van
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.12 pp. 2450-2458
Daucus carota, anthocyanins, antioxidant activity, bioavailability, byproducts, carrots, foods, high performance liquid chromatography, in vitro digestion, industry, polyphenols, pomace
Plant-processing byproducts of black carrot represent an important disposal problem for the industry; however, they are also promising sources of polyphenols, especially anthocyanins. The present study focused on the changes in polyphenols from black carrot, peel, and pomace during in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Total phenolic content (TPC), total monomeric anthocyanin content (TMAC), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were determined using spectrophotometric methods, whereas identification and quantification of polyphenols were carried out using UPLC-ESI-MSE and HPLC-DAD, respectively. TPC, TMAC, and TAC significantly decreased (23–82%) as a result of in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. Nevertheless, the amount of pomace anthocyanins released at all stages of in vitro gastrointestinal digestion was higher than black carrot anthocyanins, suggesting that pomace may be a better source of bioaccessible anthocyanins. Overall, the current study highlighted black carrot byproducts as substantial sources of polyphenols, which may be used to enrich food products.