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Fermented Goat’s Milk Consumption Improves Duodenal Expression of Iron Homeostasis Genes during Anemia Recovery
- Moreno-Fernandez, Jorge, Diaz-Castro, Javier, Pulido-Moran, Mario, Alferez, Maria J. M., Boesch, Christine, Sanchez-Alcover, Ana, Lopez-Aliaga, Inmaculada
- Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.12 pp. 2560-2568
- anemia, cytochrome b, divalent metals, enterocytes, fermented milk, ferritin, gene expression, genes, goat milk, hepcidin, homeostasis, iron, iron absorption, milk, milk consumption, protein synthesis, repletion, transferrin
- Despite the crucial roles of duodenal cytochrome b (Dcytb), divalent metal transporter 1 (DMT1), ferritin light chain (Ftl1), ferroportin 1 (FPN1), transferrin receptor 1 (TfR1), and hepcidin antimicrobial peptide (Hamp) in Fe metabolism, no studies have investigated the modulations of these genes during Fe repletion with fermented milks. Analysis included Fe status markers and gene and protein expression in enterocytes of control and anemic animals fed fermented milks. Fermented goat’s milk up-regulated enterocyte Dcytb, DMT1, FPN1, and Ftl1 and down-regulated TfR1 and Hamp gene expression in control and anemic animals. Anemia decreased Dcytb, DMT1, and Ftl1 in animals fed fermented cow’s milk and up-regulated TfR1 and Hamp expression. Fe overload down-regulated Dcytb and TfR1 in animals fed fermented cow’s milk and up-regulated DMT1 and FPN1 gene expression. Fermented goat’s milk increased expression of duodenal Dcytb, DMT1, and FPN1 and decreased Hamp and TfR1, improving Fe metabolism during anemia recovery.