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Changes of microbial spoilage, lipid‐protein oxidation and physicochemical properties during post mortem refrigerated storage of goat meat

Sabow, Azad Behnan, Sazili, Awis Qurni, Aghwan, Zeiad Amjad, Zulkifli, Idrus, Goh, Yong Meng, Ab Kadir, Mohd Zainal Abidin, Nakyinsige, Khadijah, Kaka, Ubedullah, Adeyemi, Kazeem Dauda
Animal science journal = 2016 v.87 no.6 pp. 816-826
actin, bucks, cold storage, color, drip loss, goat meat, lipids, longissimus muscle, malondialdehyde, myosin heavy chains, oxidation, pH, plate count, raw meat, spoilage, storage time, thiols, troponin T
Examined was the effect of post mortem refrigerated storage on microbial spoilage, lipid‐protein oxidation and physicochemical traits of goat meat. Seven Boer bucks were slaughtered, eviscerated and aged for 24 h. The Longissimus lumborum (LL) and Semitendinosus (ST) muscles were excised and subjected to 13 days post mortem refrigerated storage. The pH, lipid and protein oxidation, tenderness, color and drip loss were determined in LL while microbiological analysis was performed on ST. Bacterial counts generally increased with increasing aging time and the limit for fresh meat was reached at day 14 post mortem. Significant differences were observed in malondialdehyde (MDA) content at day 7 of storage. The thiol concentration significantly reduced as aging time increased. The band intensities of myosin heavy chain (MHC) and troponin‐T significantly decreased as storage progressed, while actin remained relatively stable. After 14 days of aging, tenderness showed significant improvement while muscle pH and drip loss reduced with increase in storage time. Samples aged for 14 days had higher lightness (P < 0.05) and lower (P < 0.05) yellowness and redness. Post mortem refrigerated storage influenced oxidative and microbial stability and physico‐chemical properties of goat meat.