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Increased Synthesis of Photosystem II in Triticum vulgare when Grown in the Presence of BAS 13-338

Bose, Salil, Mannan, R. Mannar, Arntzen, C.J.
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 2014 v.39 no.5 pp. 510-514
Triticum aestivum, biphenyl, chlorophyll, electron transfer, fluorescence, lighting, photosystem I, photosystem II, thylakoids
Addition of BAS 13-338 (4-chloro-5-dimethylamino-2-phenyl-3(2H)-pyridazinone) to a suspension of chloroplast thylakoids caused an increase in the / level of chlorophyll fluorescence induction without affecting the F₀ level and with a slight decrease in the Fₘₐₓ level in a manner similar to the addition of DCMU to a thylakoid suspension. Addition of BAS 13-338 also inhibited the rate of Hill reaction H₂O → dichlorophenol indophenol with 50% inhibition occurring at about 10 μм BAS 13-338. The inhibition was not reversed by diphenyl carbazide used as an artificial electron donor to photosystem II. These results suggest that the site of inhibition by BAS 13-338 is between Q (next to the primary electron acceptor) and plastoquinone.When the plants were grown in the presence of sublethal dose of BAS 13-338, the following changes were noted in the thylakoids of the treated plants as compared to the thylakoids isolated from the control plants: The F₀ and the normalized variable fluorescence (⊿F/F₀) levels increased, chlorophyll a/b ratio decreased, chlorophyll/P700 ratio increased. Furthermore, the rate of photosystem II electron transport both under saturated intensity and the limiting intensity of illumination increased, and the ratio of plastoquinone to Q decreased. These observations have been interpreted as due to an increase in the ratio of photosystem II to photosystem I in plants grown in the presence of BAS 13-338.