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Elicitation of Canthin-6-one Alkaloid Accumulation in Cell Suspension Cultures of Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle
- Krauss, Gudrun, Krauss, Gerd-Joachim, Baumbach, Renate, Gröger, Detlef
- Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 2014 v.44 no.7-8 pp. 712-714
- Ailanthus altissima, Phytophthora, alkaloids, cell suspension culture, cell walls, culture media, elicitors, lighting, yeasts
- Cell suspension cultures of Ailanthus altissima (Simaroubaceae) were cultivated under illumination and in the dark. Under influence of a yeast elicitor and cell wall preparations of various Phytophthora species, respectively, alkaloid formation was stimulated. Canthin-6-one and 1- methoxycanthin-6-one accumulation could be increased up to a 125-fold and 2.5-fold, respectively within 96 h by elicitors in dark grown cultures. In response to elicitors canthin-6-one is accumulated in the cells and the growth medium.