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Mechanisms Underlying Host Plant Selection by Holcocerus hippophaecolus Adults

Zong, Shixiang, Wang, Zhizheng, Luo, Youqing, Zang, Jingtong, Wen, Junbao
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung 2014 v.66 no.11-12 pp. 621-626
Hippophae rhamnoides, Prionoxystus robiniae, adults, branches, cages, host plants, host preferences, insects, leaves
We determined the mechanisms underlying host selection by adults of the seabuckthorn carpenterworm, Holcocerus hippophaecolus Hua, Chou, Fang et Chen. Four sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) subspecies (varieties) with different degrees of resistance to H. hippophaecolus were chosen for artificial insect infection in cages. The results showed that olfactory and visual cues are very important for the selection of host plants by H. hippophaecolus, but that olfactory stimuli play a more vital role in this process. The relative abundance of branches and leaves had no effect on the likelihood that adults landed on plants from four subspecies (varieties), but did influence landing rates within the same subspecies (varieties). When considering only the most resistant sea buckthorn subspecies (varieties), the presence of luxuriant branches and leaves led to lower landing rates. These results provide a theoretical basis for the understanding of H. hippophaecolus damage to sea buckthorn and the means to implement effective measures of control