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Influence of Physiological Gastrointestinal Parameters on the Bioaccessibility of Mercury and Selenium from Swordfish

Jadan-Piedra, Carlos, Clemente, Maria Jesus, Devesa, Vicenta, Velez, Dinoraz
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2016 v.64 no.3 pp. 690-698
Xiphias gladius, bile salts, bioavailability, digestion, gastrointestinal system, mercury, pH, pepsin, selenium, solubilization, toxicity
Swordfish tend to accumulate mercury (Hg), but they are rich in selenium (Se), an element that can counteract the toxic effects of Hg. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the concentrations and bioaccessibility of Hg and Se in cooked swordfish and to identify the digestion parameters (pH, residence time, and enzyme concentrations) that may influence their bioaccessibility. The Hg concentrations ranged between 0.17 and 2.82 mg/kg wet weight (ww) and the bioaccessibility between 14 and 92%. The range for Se concentrations was narrower (0.29–1.17 mg/kg ww), with a bioaccessibility that was generally greater than that of Hg (59–103%). Most of the solubilization took place in the gastric step, where acidic pH and the increase in the pepsin concentration led to greater bioaccessibility, especially for Hg. In the intestinal stage, the most notable effect was the decrease in the bioaccessibility of Hg in the presence of bile salts.