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A GC/MS method for determination of succinylacetone in Arabidopsis thaliana

Zhou, Lizi, Yang, Zhaoguang, Zhi, Tiantian, Zhou, Zhou, Wang, Xiaochen, Ren, Chunmei, Qiu, Bo
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry 2016 v.408 no.17 pp. 4661-4667
Arabidopsis thaliana, cell death, detection limit, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, humans, isomers, metabolism, metabolites, mutants, toxicity, toxicology, tyrosine, wilting
Succinylacetone was known to be a toxic metabolite of tyrosine in human and animals caused by blockage of the final step in tyrosine degradation pathway, but its existence in plant was unclear though the metabolic disturbance of tyrosine was also found in plant. A GC-MS method for determination of succinylacetone in Arabidopsis thaliana was developed for the first time. Both oximation and silylation were applied in the derivation procedure, and a low-temperature condition before completion of oximation was found to be necessary to obtain good linearity of the calibration curve due to the thermolability of succinylacetone. The specific chromatogram pattern formed by the four isomers of succinylacetone derivatives provided a helpful feature for its identification. The detection limit of the proposed method was 0.25 ppm in A. thaliana. The recoveries were between 95.4 and 109.3 % with the coefficient of variation ranging from 4.36 to 7.81 % for intra-day assays and 6.47 to 8.52 % for inter-day assays. Application to wild-type and the short-day sensitive cell death 1 mutant of A. thaliana represented an obvious correlation between the measured amount of succinylacetone and wilting symptom, suggesting the proposed method could be a powerful tool in further study on toxicology of succinylacetone and tyrosine catabolism in plants.