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The C2H2-type transcription factor, FlbC, is involved in the transcriptional regulation of Aspergillus oryzae glucoamylase and protease genes specifically expressed in solid-state culture

Tanaka, Mizuki, Yoshimura, Midori, Ogawa, Masahiro, Koyama, Yasuji, Shintani, Takahiro, Gomi, Katsuya
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2016 v.100 no.13 pp. 5859-5868
Aspergillus oryzae, Northern blotting, alpha-amylase, conidiation, genes, glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase, mutants, protein secretion, proteinases, solid state culture, transcription (genetics), transcription factors
Aspergillus oryzae produces a large amount of secreted proteins in solid-state culture, and some proteins such as glucoamylase (GlaB) and acid protease (PepA) are specifically produced in solid-state culture, but rarely in submerged culture. From the disruption mutant library of A. oryzae transcriptional regulators, we successfully identified a disruption mutant showing an extremely low production level of GlaB but a normal level of α-amylase production. This strain was a disruption mutant of the C₂H₂-type transcription factor, FlbC, which is reported to be involved in the regulation of conidiospore development. Disruption mutants of other upstream regulators comprising a conidiation regulatory network had no apparent effect on GlaB production in solid-state culture. In addition to GlaB, the production of acid protease in solid-state culture was also markedly decreased by flbC disruption. Northern blot analyses revealed that transcripts of glaB and pepA were significantly decreased in the flbC disruption strain. These results suggested that FlbC is involved in the transcriptional regulation of genes specifically expressed under solid-state cultivation conditions, possibly independent of the conidiation regulatory network.